Rowan suggests that improvisation and noise-making are viable elements in urban planning and discusses three urban designers who use them. Whereas rational processes and settled laws are often asserted to be necessary foundations of music as well as urban development, Rowan argues that "spontaneity will inevitably insinuate itself within a plan as creativity, resistance, and response to crisis" and that its embrace is "conducive to the polyrhythm and discord of heterogeneous society."
Modes and Manifestations of Improvisation in Urban Planning, Design, and Theory
Jazz by Geography:
AACM, anarchy, blues, California Housing Authority, CHA, community, contingency planning, dissonance, free jazz, Illinois, improvisation, Los Angeles, Mount Prospect, noise, Oregon, Pioneer Trust, plantations, Portland, urban planning